by Donu Arapura
Here is the easiest way to create a PDF file from a TeX file. Suppose you have a TeX file called
First, tex the file by typing
if it is in AMS-TeX, or
(twice) if it is in LaTeX. These commands create a file called
To convert this DVI file into a PDF file, type
This will create the file
You can view this PDF file by typing
Another way to create PDF from DVI uses a couple extra commands:
dvips -Pweb something.dvi
The first command creates a large PostScript file called something.ps and the second command creates a file called something.pdf
NOTE: This page is rather outdated. The new Linux servers support the commands pdflatex and pdftex that create a PDF file directly from the TeX source file. If you run TeX to create a DVI file, you can then run dvipdf, which will create a PDF file from the DVI file. There is also ps2pdf that will convert a PostScript file to PDF.
The last command removes the overly large PostScript file.
If you have embedded eps graphics in your TeX output, these should get converted to pdf nicely by either method above. If you are happy with this, stop reading. However, if you want hyperlinks, bookmarks, embedded jpg files, etc., read on.
It's possible to compile tex or latex straight into pdf, and this typically results in a richer document. Unfortunately, the default version of the pdflatex command is broken (at least for complicated documents). Before you do anything else, set the newer version of tex as default by adding these lines:
set path = (/pkgs/teTeX-2.0/bin/sparc-sun-solaris2.9/ $path) setenv TEXMF /pkgs/teTeX-2.0/texmf/
in your .cshrc to be executed automatically next time you log in. (This is assuming you use the standard shells, csh or tcsh.)
Now you are ready to type:
for plain or AMS-TeX, or
(twice) for latex. These commands create something.pdf
If you want hyperlinks, try putting
into your latex file.
One small annoyance about pdflatex is that it can't handle eps graphics. The solution is to convert eps files to pdf first by typing
for each embedded graphic. If you use the "graphicx" package, then change all references of
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